Equalization is one of the most complex and controversial processes when creating a track. The whole point of equalization is to build a competent frequency balance, and the equalizer is designed to work directly with different frequencies of a certain instrument (cut, delete, increase the level of frequencies in a certain range, etc.).
Everyone understands what EQ is for, but how to use EQ in practice is not clear to everyone.
I decided to devote this article to the principles of equalization of instruments that work in 90% of cases.
It’s hard to imagine a track written without equalizers.
The main tasks of equalization are:
– Removal of unnecessary frequencies and resonances
– Resolution of frequency conflicts
Is the extraction of frequency
– Art equalization
When equalizing any instrument, be it drums, synthesized parts, live instruments or vocals, it is necessary to remember that equalizing is only those instruments that really need it. You should clearly understand what is the purpose of equalization in this particular case.
First – goal, then – equalization.
Now let’s look at the basic principles of equalization of instruments. Just want to note that these principles can break if the sound benefits from it.
All, I have identified 5 main principles of equalization:
1. The best equalization is its absence
In order not to deal with frequency conflicts when mixing, try to pick up the tools so that they sound good in the mix already at the stage of arrangement.
The best mixing is a competent arrangement.
2. Equalize the instruments in the mix
Separately, the instrument may sound great, but in the mix in place with it will sound other instruments that can turn your track into a “mess”. It is necessary to ensure that the instrument fits well into the mix. I don’t care how it sounds in solo, the main thing – mix.
3. The equalizer works less noticeably when cutting frequencies than when adding
4. Cut frequency is better in a narrow strip, and lift – wide
5. Changes made by the equalizer in one frequency range will affect the sound in other ranges
Again, any principles can be violated if it leads to the desired sound and does not spoil the mix.
Do not forget that you should focus on the sound of the mix as a whole, and not on any rules or principles of equalization. Chief aide in this case your ears. The more you practice, the better You will get.
In order to build the correct frequency balance, try different EQ options and leave the one that you like best.
And don’t forget to compare your results with reference tracks.